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The church was a holy building made for Christians. The church was another centre feature for the village, usually having a peak in the building, being easily noticed, and being used every week by the whole population of the village. The religion of the whole of Europe was Roman Catholic and it was law that people went to church on a Sunday. The leading churchmen of the land, Bishops and Archbishops were very wealthy, because of the taxes paid to the church and helped to govern the country. All churches were built for sacred purposes, but because many branches of Christianity exist, no single type of church building is popular. The church played an important role of the daily village life, being the centre of the village. The peasants had to pay tithes or harvest products to the church in order to maintain it. These tithes (1/10th of total income) were collected by the parish priest or the lord's agent. The tithe barn was where the taxes were collected for the church, this may be in crops, animals, labour, or loyalty.

 

As part of the mill the rectory was a building next to the church which was the house of the priest. The rectory as well as every house had a small vegetable field where the priest could grow his own food. The priest would also keep some of the crops and taxes collected at the tithe barn, for himself for the running of the church. The tithe barn was where the taxes from all members of the village were collected for the payment of uses of the church every Sunday. The tithe barn also had many animals kept there with the priest maintaining them. About one tenth of the community members' salaries were collected at the tithe barn and about half of that was given to the king for rent of this farming land.

 

Microsoft Word Clipart "church"    http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/medieval_church.htm