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Village crops were the central point of the village being their source of food and life, with the king or lord passing down strips of land for the peasants to grow crops on. Farming dominated the lives of most Medieval people. Many peasants in Medieval England worked the land and, as a result, farming was critically important to a peasant family and king in Medieval England. Most people lived in villages where there was plenty of land for farming. Medieval towns were small but still needed a lot of food produced to survive. The normal farming village land was organized on an open field system, this was where the land was not fenced. The king divided the land into three main fields, each year changing crops to let the nutrients reproduce. There were three main crops:- barley, wheat and to let the land lie fallow, each year the crops were changed in order. The two fields that had crops on them were divided into 10 metre wide strips, with one for each family. Below is a chart showing what had to be done in every month of the year. Sometimes they also had crops of peas and corn.

The mill was also a big part of farming, being used for crushing all the crops. Medieval mills were usually water mills, although it was common to find windmills. The mill was owned by an independent wealthier member of the village, who traded the use of the mill from part of their crops. Mill owners were believed to be the least trusted members of the village, because they stole an amount of the crushed crops, and also charged too much. 

The village common was usually the only fenced field in the whole village. The common was used to hold animals for all the members in the community.  The common was not used too often because the animals were kept in the fallow field. The common was another parcel of land that the king leased out to the village people. The only land that the villagers owned was the land the houses were built on.

    http://www.historyonthenet.com/Medieval_Life

Year

Field 1

Field 2

Field 3

1st

Barley

Wheat

Fallow

2nd

Fallow

Barley

Wheat

3rd

Wheat

Fallow

Barley